Scientists, architects, educators, psychologists, artists—seemingly disparate, these people gathered in May 1970 in the studio of the artist Robert Irwin to learn together: what does it take to build habitable environments in space. This was the First National Symposium on Habitability of Environments, designed by artist Robert Irwin and the space program psychologist Ed Wortz. They believed that art, as a discipline dedicated to subjective experiences, is in the unique position to offer insights on the perspective of the…
Fight or Buy Bonds features American propaganda posters produced to rally the people and help support the first World War. Selected from the Weisman collection, the posters address, among other issues, the need for America to participate, innovative governmental financing, ways to help out at home, and the role of women in the effort.
They appealed to citizens’ sense of moral and civic duty, their loyalty to the age and country, and their anger toward the evils of the enemy. Some allude to the hardships of the war and occasionally to the suffering, but in trying to motivate people to serve, sacrifice, or contribute, the posters generally avoided frightening the public. The themes of the posters were markedly similar from one country to the next, as were many of the designs and favored symbols and motifs.
The wartime posters from one hundred years ago offer us insights not only into the purposes they were designed to serve but also about how their creators thought it best to convey their messages and with what visual motifs.
As conversations about nationalism, war, and patriotism animate our news feeds, airwaves, classrooms, and living rooms, this exhibition offers not only historical memory but also context.
Image: James Montgomery Flagg, I Want You for U.S. Army, 1917.